How and Why It Works Like It Does
Written by Brad Fregger, Founder/CEO Groundbreaking Press
am I having a problem finding a publisher?"
happened to author's advances, media tours, and advertising?"
is, it's always been hard to find a publisher. For most new authors who
do find a publisher, or even published authors with a couple of books
that didn't sell particularly well, the advances, media tours, and advertising
always have been pretty much nonexistent. It's always been up to new authors
to promote their own books. Those who did--and did it right--at
least had a chance at success.
business is not an easy one, not even for major publishers who are watching
their market share dwindle. Stop and think about it for a second.
The Traditional Publishing
it's hard to know which books are going to sell. It seems like the big
name publishers guess right fairly often. That's because you only hear
about the successes. Publishers don't talk about the books on which they
lost money. The times they guessed wrong and decided not to publish, you
only found out about when the authors didn't give up--they persevered
until they finally found a publisher who would take a chance on them.
Or they decided to self-publish and were successful. You never
heard about the many wonderful books where the author got rejected a dozen times and decided to call it quits. It's hard to read rejection
letter after rejection letter--sooner or later you decide they're right
and you're wrong, and you put your book away and try to forget about it.
because it's so difficult to know which books will sell and which won't,
publishers like to hedge their bets. They choose to publish books written
by people who are well known as authors, or maybe they are famous in another
area. For example, Jack Welch, the ex-CEO of General Electric, wrote
Jack - Straight From the Gut. With a well-known person, the publisher
feels more confidence that their efforts will yield results. If you're
not in this category, it's going to be much harder for you to find a publisher.
Even the small publishers, who can't compete for the famous people, have
to find their niche. If you want to publish with one of them, you
have to fit in their catalog--you have to make sense as a part of their
when a publisher finally decides to take on an author and publish their
book, they've only just begun the effort needed to make this happen. To
start with, they have to get a finished manuscript. Often this means a
lot of "hand-holding" as the author struggles through the final
stages of writing. Then they have to spend hours and hours (time and money)
editing the book, which involves more hand-holding as the author deals
with the changes being made. When that's finished, the book has to go
through copyediting, another massive task that never seems to get finished.
Finally, the master is done and the book is ready for printing.
That's not it, is
a minute," I hear you saying, "you forgot the cover!"
the cover needs to be designed and produced, and believe me, this is no
easy task. Again, the publisher has to deal with the author, who may or
may not like the cover choice(s) being presented. In addition, there are
the opinions of the editor and the artist to be dealt with. Every
iteration costs money and time. Finally, the cover is ready to go ...
we're ready to print.
So how many
do we print? What's a reasonable first run quantity? Whatever they decide,
it's going to cost them a lot of money--money wasted if the book doesn't
have to decide how much money, time, and resources to spend promoting
the book. They must spend that money where they're going to get the biggest
bang for their buck; they have to go with those authors who are already
well-known. The rest of the authors get tossed into the black pit of retail
hell. Those few that rise to the surface, for whatever reason--sheer
luck, right time and place, author effort--begin to get their share of
resources and a chance at "best seller" status.
that publishing is a business: if the publisher isn't profitable, they
won't be around for long. It isn't that they don't want to publish everything
that looks good, or even that they don't want to promote everything they
do publish--they simply can't afford to, not if they want to stay in
But there is
The good news
for authors is that the world has changed. In the past you had to
print 5000 books in order to get the price down so that you could sell
your book into the retail channel. Now, with print-on-demand (POD) publishing,
you can print as little as one copy, or as many as you want, and still
make a profit selling to retailers at their standard discount. In addition,
your upfront costs are dramatically reduced--probably less than 15% of
what they would have been just a couple of years ago. The
initial costs can even be lower, using POD and printing a dozen books
initially can cut your printing and binding costs to less than $250 for
a 5.5 x 8.5 book of 200 pages or less.
Or print 100
copies and use them to develop interest in your book--send them to reviewers,
major retailers and distributors, libraries, even publishers. As the demand
begins to build, print only as many as you need, and only when you need
them. This could--and sometimes does--lead to an offer from a publisher
who likes your book, sees the interest building, and wants to take advantage
of your efforts by adopting a book with potential that's already beyond
the initial stages of production. This can only happen if you've done
things properly--if the book is well written and produced with a professional
look and feel.
what's going on isn't the fault of the publishers, it's just a fact of
doing business and the need to be profitable if you plan on staying in
business. However, as an author, you now have some real viable alternatives:
more publishers to choose from, both small and large, or even the opportunity to self-publish
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